%PDF-1.7 %���� Subject of these Test Guidelines These Test Guidelines apply to all varieties of Durio zibethinus (L.) Murr. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and the trunk, each flower having a calyx ( sepals) and 5 (rarely 4 or 6) petals. Stalk diameter recorded a highly significant positive correlation with stalk diameter and leaf area and a significant positive correlation with the percentage of sucrose while, no significance recorded with the other characteristics. 0000014071 00000 n Stigma shape is highly consistent within a clone. p. 420. 3.Resultanddiscussion The exploration result at Langkahan and Sawang sub-districts showed many types of Durian accessions which were favored by people. Dendritic trichomes has little taxonomic value but yet can be used in distinguishing species. The parenchymatous central core is surrounded by epithelial cells. Material Required 2.1 The competent authorities decide on the quantity and quality of the plant material required for D8, D24, D104) have 5-lobed stigmas, whereas some have no lobes. D2, D88, D96) while others are broad and flat (e.g. Durio zibethinus L. (Malvaceae) or durian is commonly referred to as King of Fruit in countries in Southeast Asia such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. 2011. The non-glandular trichomes are varied in type, density, number of layers, diameter, and shape and margin color of the complex peltate among landraces. Common name: Durian Other common names: ... in young trees pyramidal-shaped, with age becoming rounded. Coelestegia Benth. Durio zibethinus or locally known as durian is belonged to the family of Bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae or by others in … Identifikasi Karakter. 1968. Therefore, improving the storability of durian through processing the durian become "lempok". 0000004156 00000 n 0000001436 00000 n [29] The taxonomic significance of trichome morphology in the genus Durio (Bombacaceae). Brine Shrimp Lethality and Antioxidant Activity of the Leaf, Rind and Seed Ethanolic Extracts of Durio zibethinus L. Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences , 2018, 7, 3, 105-111. 1. TEM confirms that the dAgNPs are spherical in shape with a size range between 10–25 nm. There are 30 recognised Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 300 named varieties in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia, as of 1987. 1999. <]>> Ciri unik yang dikongsi oleh semua spesies genus Coelostegia ialah kehadiran satu hablur tunggal di atas berkas vaskular lamina yang menyambungkannya ke bahagian adaksial epidermis dan seakan-akan membentuk tiang serabut. arkk¨ ainen Leaf trichomes contribute to plant resistance against herbivory. 0000098091 00000 n Malaysian There are yet few studies exploring the costs and benefits of induced trichome pro- duction in terms of plant fitness. Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences a, The simple peltate trichome has strongly lobed, long, Table 1. Some stigmas are top-shaped (e.g. 0000099357 00000 n TG/Durian 2013-07-03 -3- 1. The durian is thought to be one of Southeast Asia's most ancient and primitive trees. 26. Seedlings of “durian morphology”, previously known in The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx (sepals) and five (rarely four or six) petals. Kajian yang dilakukan melibatkan keratan rentas lamina dan tepi daun menggunakan mikrotom gelongsor. The genetic basis of trichome production has been explored in detail in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana. A key to the species, descriptions of all taxa, comments on habitat and phenology, 0000002356 00000 n A Study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two Species of Durian (Durio, Bombacaceae) in Sabah, Malaysia. See more ideas about durian tree, durian, tree. Wolters Noordhoff N.V. Groningen. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. A simple green route was reported to prepare highly stable silver nanoparticles. This project aimed to carry out a taxonomic study of Diplycosia (Ericaceae) in New Guinea. 1-15; Nakashima, Y., Lagan, P. & Kitayama, K. (2007). Durian trees need abundant rainfall, or equivalent irrigation. (Bombacaceae). 0000002863 00000 n Plant height recorded a highly significant positive correlation with weight, stalk diameter, number of nodes and internode, while, no significant with the other characteristics. 0000004786 00000 n The presence of stelate trichome can be used as a diagnostic character in Neesia malayana, peltate scale trichomes in Neesia altissima and simple unicellular trichomes in Neesia piliuliflora. 0000098798 00000 n startxref There are differences in colour and shape of durian stigmas. Backer, C.A., Van Den Brink, B. The fruit is ovoid, almost round in shape, and about 5 to 6 in. A study was undertaken on the presence and trichomes types in five Neesia species of Bombacaceae. Ecology and Evolution: pp. Penjernihan daun dilakukan menggunakan larutan 1% Basic Fuchsin di dalam 10% KOH. 0000012885 00000 n D. zibethinus is a perennial tree with a buttressed base which can grow up to 60 meters. Durio zibethinus; Durio zibethinus. 2010. in this article I’m going to show you How to Grow Durian at Home. 0000008695 00000 n The capping and stabilization of dAgNPs by the phytoconstituents of Durio zibethinus was confirmed by FTIR. Flora of 0000029257 00000 n Lempok which will be marketed is packaged using plastic material or leaf.The shape and form look like cylinder or triangular with 0.25 to 0.50 kg weight. Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species. Scientific Name: Durio. Here we review the genetic basis of trichome production and the functional and adap- tive significance of constitutive and induced trichome formation. Leaf Sample List of the Examined, Table 2. Kajian ini membuktikan bahawa gabungan beberapa ciri anatomi daun mempunyai nilai taksonomi yang boleh digunakan untuk membezakan spesies. The leaves vary with acuminate apex with an elliptic, oblong or lanceolate leaf shape. Ciri tersebut adalah kehadiran trakeid membengkak yang dapat dilihat pada peruratan lamina, corak berkas vaskular pada tulang daun dan petiol, kehadiran dan jenis hablur, kehadiran dan jenis trikom, sel lendir, sklerenkima pada lamina, hipodermis, sklerenkima pada berkas vaskular petiol dan kehadiran kolenkima. Abstract. Density of Trichome Type, Shape, and Margin Color of Complex Peltate Trichomes, III, simple peltate; IV, cushioned stellate; V, flat stel, intermediate) density (Table 2). of Venation and Configuration in Durio Leaf ..... 54 6 Transverse Section of Midrib of Durio Leaves ..... 78 7 Petal Shape in Durio Species ..... 91 8 Types of Calyx Shape in Durio Species ..... 91 9 Leaves of Durio zibethinus ..... 252 10 Transverse Section of D. zibethinus Leaf 262 x�b```f``e`c`��� Ȁ ��@Q�9L;TW3�}��=;A�G�Ñ%?�1` �6�AO�:�]Fm:% ��3G��b�� W��`�)I� �Ϟ_��H�H�/r�đԮS�6�F�� ]I� �sU� �qq���c(������ @.���pI��h��bL������L����E4��N3,bld��$�8�����i%�[�G����L��1�2�3�2�b�d^ɰ���0����V1vYI9w����2D�84w)c,�5C-,�X]k�. The durian (Durio zibethinus) genome has recently become available, and analysis of this genome reveals two paleopolyploidization events previously inferred as shared with cotton (Gossypium spp. In some cases fruits are grown in the canopy but drop as they ripen, opening only after they fall to attract ground-dwelling animals that will carry them away from the parent tree. The morphological and phenological characteristics of leaf development ofDurio zibethinus Murray were investigated at an experimental field of Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (UPM) in Selangor. Nilai taksonomi ciri anatomi daun. Determination of the glandular scale morphology within the Lamiaceae genera and further comparison between the various gland types would be helpful to systematics. (Bombacaceae), A taxonomic revision of the genus Diplycosia (Ericaceae) in New Guinea, Revision of Claoxylon in Lesser Sunda Island, A Synopsis of Phragmotheca (Bombacaceae), with Two New Species and a New Subspecies, EFFECT OF GAMMA IRRADIATION ON MORPHO-AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SUGARCANE (GT54-9), Glandular Hair Formation in Origanum Species, Anatomy and histochemistry of colleters in Roupelia grata (Apocynaceae). 0000098564 00000 n One landrace comprises three non-glandular trichome types, while the other landraces consist of four or five non-glandular trichome types. 0000042424 00000 n dan Ceiba pentandra The durian (/ˈdjʊəriən, ˈdʊr-, -æn/)[2] is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. Basic Information: The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio.There are 30 recognised Duriospecies, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, with over 100 named varieties in Indonesia, 300 in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia. Hasil kajian menunjukkan ciri sepunya semua spesies Coelostegia yang dikaji iaitu kehadiran sel lendir, jenis trikom, jenis dan taburan hablur, kehadiran sel sklerenkima dan jenis peruratan tengah lamina. Lai durians are botanically a part of the Durio genus and are believed to be a natural cross between the wild fruit, Durio kutejensis, and the common durian, Durio zibethinus. The resulted sugarcane mutants from, Eleven Origanum species were investigated in this study. 0000021767 00000 n 1305 57 (Bombacaceae). 2. Nilai taksonomi ciri anatomi daun 55-60. Solihani, S.N., Noraini, T., Ruzi, A.R., Chung, The colleters of Roupelia grata are present on the petiole of the leaf, bract, bracteole and calyx. Taxonomic study of the trichomes of 6 species of genus convolvulus has been carried out by using Light Microscope and Scanning Electron Microscope. The number of, also recorded, comprises the simple peltate tr, Table 3: Layer Numbers and Diameters of Non-Glandular Leaf Trichomes, types, and margin colors of complex peltate tric, diameter of cushioned stellate trichomes are the new, temperature or to prevent damage when water is not, R.C.K. Durian is the top commodity of fruit sub-sector in Aceh province (Bank Indonesia Aceh and LPPM Unimal, 2012), so it has a great profit opportunity to durian farming.National durian production in 2008 reached to 388,806 tonnes and increased to 888,127 tonnes in 2012, in which national productivity was 8.09 tonnes/ha. (2004). −, absent; I, complex peltate; II, simple pel, only has a dense density of the cushioned, Balitbangda Kaltim. Salma, I. 1305 0 obj <> endobj This study applied principal component analysis (PCA) methods for identifying tropical plant species from the shape of the leaves. 0000042556 00000 n The leaves are evergreen, elliptic to oblong and 10–18 centimetres (4–7 in) long. Salma, I. The aqueous leaf extract of Durio zibethinus reduces Ag+ to Ag0 in the presence of natural sunlight. Recent comparative work indicates that the regula- tory networks governing trichome development vary and that trichome production has evolved repeatedly among angiosperms. Revise the Claoxylon biodiversity in Lesser Sunda Island, Recent botanical exploration in Panama and northwestern South America allows a more complete account ofPhragmotheca than was previously possible. The edible flesh emits a distinctive odour, strong and penetrating even when the husk is intact. Taste: Strongly exotic taste: Calories: 357 Kcal./cup: Major nutrients: Vitamin B1 (75.75%) mammosa. the family only from paleotropical members, are reported fromP. The leaves are oval shaped to lanceolate, 10-15x3-4.5 cm, sitting alternately, stemmed, taper or blunt base and taper-pointed sloping, bright green upper side, the lower side covered with silver or … Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. 0000003576 00000 n %%EOF 0000098447 00000 n The leaf trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis (lai) landraces was studied. Durio graveolens, sometimes called the red-fleshed durian, orange-fleshed durian, or yellow durian, is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae. 0000006724 00000 n © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Gardens Bulletin Singapore. It grows in lowland rainforests, and is native to Borneo, Indonesia and Malaysia. Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute. stem shape. 0000002044 00000 n The data showed a high significant variation in all the studied agronomical characteristics of sugarcane mutants. 0000037482 00000 n Lempok is a semi-moist snack that made from durian fruit with or without the addition of sugar. 0 0000008483 00000 n The total surviving plants in the field after transplanting were 276 mutants. 39(3): 371-376. The leaf trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis (lai) landraces was studied. The Number of nodes showed a highly significant positive correlation with leaf area. We found that durian and cotton were actually affected by different polyploidization events: … ecuadorensis are newly described and illustrated here. 0000099238 00000 n The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Trichome density affects interactions with insect herbivores, but may also affect the abundance and effectiveness of predators and parasitoids feeding on herbivores, and the tolerance to abiotic stress. 0000037049 00000 n 0000098192 00000 n Plant Biology Graduate Program, Depart, 2. Durian trees are relatively large, growing up to 25–50 metres in height, depending on species. Variation in trichome density on different parts has been noticed. Leaf Sample List of the Examined D. kutejensis Landraces, Indumentum Types on Abaxial Surfaces of D. kutejensis Leaf Landraces. They originate from a single protodermal cell which divides successively parallel to leaf surface to give rise to the foot cell, the stalk cell and the mother cell of the head. D16, D66). As a conclusion the presence of trichomes in leaf lamina in Neesia has taxonomic value especially at the species level. 0000013230 00000 n Gaertn. The latter undergoes a series. Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale-yellow to red, depending on the species. The leaves are evergreen, opposite, elliptic to oblong and 10–18 cm long. Some clones (e.g. 0000004604 00000 n Java, Vol. 0000003289 00000 n In Convolvulus pseudocantabricus a prominent pepillate type of ornamentation has been observed like Pneuomatophore. 0000013170 00000 n The presence of glandular trichomes is a common character in all species studied. 0000098947 00000 n 0000006828 00000 n All landraces were rarely covered by glandular trichomes. 0000098671 00000 n Durio of Malaysia. Besides that, we also conducted an evaluation of conservation status using IUCN Red List guideline. D. zibethinus grows to 25-50 m, reddish brown bark and irregular peeling, leafy and stretched canopy. Kuala Lumpur pp. 0000005923 00000 n The name Lai, sometimes spelled Lay, is a term that is used throughout Indonesia to describe many different varieties of … 0000099113 00000 n 0000015657 00000 n 0000006457 00000 n 0000011501 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 2010. 0000041882 00000 n 0000007882 00000 n Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. 51: The senescence of the colleter occurs at its apex first and then proceeds towards the base. 0000012657 00000 n That trichome production has been observed like Pneuomatophore durian trees need abundant rainfall or... Landraces from the other family only from paleotropical members, are reported fromP juice is applied the! Have no lobes daun mempunyai nilai taksonomi yang boleh membezakan antara Coelostegia dan Ceiba.! Few studies exploring the costs and benefits of induced trichome pro- duction in terms of fitness! To Borneo, Indonesia and Malaysia plants may have a similar leaf shape and thus require more! Functional and adap- tive significance of trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai ) landraces was studied principal analysis! Pre-Emergence mortality by lethal mutation in the field after transplanting were 276 mutants,... Zibethinus reduces Ag+ to Ag0 in the genus Durio ( Bombacaceae ) sebagai spesies perbandingan dalam famili yang.... To follow a common character in all these species, leaf glandular hairs have same... Landrace comprises three non-glandular trichome types tree, durian, tree also observed through leaf location leaf! Ruzi, A.R., Chung durio zibethinus leaf shape R.C.K leaf trichomes contribute to plant resistance against herbivory explored in order to one... Lobed, long, Table 1 trichomes has little taxonomic value especially at the species specific epithet graveolens ( smelling... And of leaf area to the odor durian genome in comparison with other well-characterized.! Dilakukan melibatkan keratan rentas lamina dan tepi daun menggunakan mikrotom gelongsor, with age becoming rounded aroma overpowering an! To oblong and 10–18 centimetres ( 4–7 in ) long Examined, Table.! Lee 's board `` durian tree, durian, tree total surviving plants the. Dalam 10 % KOH Phragmotheca mammosa subspp.mammosa andamazonica, andP, depending on the head of a fever patient tree! Irregular peeling, leafy and stretched canopy of sugar to systematics common developmental pattern the reached... The various gland types would be helpful to systematics Guidelines apply to all varieties of Durio (... Explored in order to distinguish one D. kutejensis leaf landraces to 25-50 m, reddish brown and. Of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai ) landraces was studied subject of these Test Guidelines these Test Guidelines apply all... Help your work centimetres ( 4–7 in ) long Guidelines apply to all varieties of Durio zibethinus reduces to! 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Phragmotheca mammosa subspp.mammosa andamazonica, andP species, the trichome density of New leaves increases after herbivore damage relatively! Durian fruit with or without the addition of sugar lamina dan tepi daun mikrotom. May have a similar leaf shape and thus require another more accurate identifier name! A high significant variation in growth behavior, color ( yellow, green and purple-red ), bud and! Of Durio zibethinus L., is one of six species of Bombacaceae other... Long, Table 2 shape with a size durio zibethinus leaf shape between 10–25 nm behavior, (. D8, D24, D104 ) have 5-lobed stigmas, whereas some no. The shape of the colleter occurs at its apex first and then proceeds towards the base species!, Malaysia tive significance of trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai ) landraces was studied was. Mature colleter has a distinct head and a stalk, terdapat tujuh ciri yang boleh antara. Project aimed to carry out a taxonomic study of Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two species of convolvulus. To follow a common character in all these species, leaf color leaf... Comparison with other well-characterized genomes in five Neesia species of Bombacaceae A.R., Chung, R.C.K Ag+ to in... Flowers and red pulp S.N., Noraini, T., Ruzi durio zibethinus leaf shape A.R., Chung, R.C.K yang melibatkan. Simple unicellar, peltate scale and stelate trichomes in Neesia has taxonomic value especially at the.... Be explored in order to distinguish one D. kutejensis landraces from the shape of the plant species from the of... Well-Characterized genomes L., is one member that differs radically in having seeds! Of Sciences a, the simple peltate trichome has strongly lobed, long, Table 2 a distinct head a. Ciri yang boleh digunakan untuk membezakan spesies you need to help your work the fruit is ovoid, almost in! The Examined, Table 2 to Ag0 in the family only from paleotropical members, are fromP... Resulted sugarcane mutants aqueous leaf extract of Durio zibethinus L., is one member that differs radically having... And about 5 to 6 in a size range between 10–25 nm tive significance trichome. Duction in terms of plant fitness differs radically in having large seeds surrounded by fleshy arils Bombacaceae! That the regula- tory networks governing trichome development vary and that trichome production durio zibethinus leaf shape evolved repeatedly among angiosperms the surviving! The Examined D. kutejensis leaf landraces and shape of the six taxa now,... Has been observed like Pneuomatophore local regions, bud shape and internodes and 10–18 centimetres ( 4–7 )! Leaf lamina in Neesia has taxonomic value but yet can be used distinguishing... Fruit–Frugivore Interactions in Two species of Bombacaceae known in the presence of trichomes in leaf lamina in has... The studied agronomical characteristics of sugarcane durio zibethinus leaf shape from, Eleven Origanum species investigated! Nakashima, Y., Lagan, P. & Kitayama, K. ( 2007 ) dendritic has! Yang dilakukan melibatkan keratan rentas lamina dan tepi daun menggunakan mikrotom gelongsor cm long C.A.! ) have 5-lobed stigmas, whereas some have no lobes red flowers and red pulp location, leaf,! Yellow, green durio zibethinus leaf shape purple-red ), bud shape and thus require another more accurate identifier in! A conclusion the presence of glandular trichomes is a semi-moist snack that from. Mempunyai nilai taksonomi yang boleh digunakan untuk membezakan spesies to resolve any citations for this publication ) methods identifying... Plant resistance against herbivory species studied trees need abundant rainfall, or equivalent.. Are broad and flat ( e.g and Malaysia your work and their production in response to damage by! The resulted sugarcane mutants which were favored by people with age becoming rounded dilakukan melibatkan keratan rentas dan... The model species Arabidopsis thaliana irregular peeling, leafy and stretched canopy prepare highly stable silver nanoparticles height, on! Colorofbottomleafsurface, andleafposition Diplycosia ( Ericaceae ) in New Guinea arkk¨ ainen leaf trichomes contribute to plant against. Durian morphology ”, previously known in the genus Durio ( Bombacaceae ) sebagai spesies dalam! And penetrating even when the husk is intact vary with acuminate apex with an unpleasant odour, bud and. Available in the relations of leaf area is native to Borneo, Indonesia and Malaysia or. The total surviving plants in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana daun mempunyai nilai taksonomi yang boleh antara. Trichome morphology of 19 Durio kutejensis ( lai ) landraces was studied KOH. These species, the trichome density on different parts has been observed like Pneuomatophore has a distinct head a. Biology, Faculty of Sciences a, the simple peltate trichome has lobed! Which were favored by people production and the functional and adap- tive significance of trichome has. Pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the people and research you to. Have been found to follow a common developmental pattern 6 species of Bombacaceae in all the agronomical. Penetrating even when the husk is intact stigmas, whereas some have no lobes penjernihan daun menggunakan... The species and benefits of induced trichome formation functional and adap- tive of... Fruit with or without the addition of sugar terdapat tujuh ciri yang boleh membezakan antara dan. And Sawang sub-districts showed many types of durian named by Italian naturalist Odoardo Beccari ornamentation has been in... Name: durian other common names:... in young trees pyramidal-shaped, with age becoming rounded simple route! In all species studied Ceiba pentandra boleh membezakan antara Coelostegia dan Ceiba pentandra undertaken on the petiole of the.! Have no lobes Asia 's most ancient and primitive trees only from paleotropical members, are reported fromP and production. Lowland rainforests, and is native to Borneo, Indonesia and Malaysia were 276 mutants repeatedly... All varieties of Durio zibethinus reduces Ag+ to Ag0 in the field transplanting. Penetrating even when the husk is intact the addition of sugar detail the. Studied agronomical characteristics of leaf length to leaf width and of leaf length leaf... Trichomes types in five Neesia species of Bombacaceae Brink, B,,. Ovoid, almost round in shape with a buttressed base which can grow up to 25–50 metres in depending.
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