The major adverse effect of heparin is heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), a paradox in which an anticoagulant causes a severe procoagulant condition due to antibodies directed against the complex of heparin and platelet factor 4, a protein constituent of alpha granules and platelets that is released following platelet activation. Although infrequent, it can be catastrophic and result in fatal outcomes. Please keep in mind that IV heparin is different than subcutaneous Heparin. Heparin is a very immunogenic compound. Monitor platelets. 4. Adult Heparin Drip Protocol 2. How To Start a Heparin Drip. Four of the 8 patients who underwent angiography early also underwent coronary angioplasty that day; the remaining patients had bypass surgery within 24 hours (n = 2) or several days of heparin infusion for treatment of thrombus (n = 2). 1. -Patients receiving heparin intermittent IV injection: Start oral anticoagulant 0 to 2 hours before the time the next dose of heparin … Test INR 1-2 days prior to surgery. Bridging anticoagulation refers to giving a short-acting blood thinner, usually low-molecular-weight heparin given by subcutaneous injection for 10 to 12 days around the time of the surgery/procedure, when warfarin is interrupted and its anticoagulant effect is outside a therapeutic range. 1. Last pre-op dose: - Stop IV heparin 4 h pre-op - 50% total dose enoxaparin 24 h pre-op Anticoagulation should be stopped before a lumbar puncture. Heparin is a glycosaminoglycan of 12-15 kDa that binds Anti-Thrombin 3 and facilitates its ability to inhibit coagulation factors 2a (thrombin) and 10a by a factor of 1000. Heparin can be started 1 hour after an LP. Mechanism of action. bolus followed by 1.75 mg/kg/h during the PCI procedure and for at least 30 min but no more than 4 h afterwards. Heparin should be stopped 2-4 hours before the procedure. If INR > 1.5, consider vitamin K 2.5 mg PO x 1 dose. The easiest anticoagulation to manage before and after a lumbar puncture is heparin. Heparin Antibodies . Consider discontinuing if platelets decrease by ≥ 30% from baseline and evaluate for HIT. This is one of those stop what you’re doing and do this as soon as possible kind of things. Compared with standard therapy with aspirin, the use of heparin … -Patients receiving heparin continuous IV infusion: Stop heparin immediately after administering the first dose of oral anticoagulant. Reassess INR on day of surgery. 3. Obtain PTT 6 hours after initiation of Heparin and after any subsequent changes until therapeutic X 2, then every AM. Monitor ACT’s every 90 minutes during the procedure to maintain a target ACT of 200-230 seconds. 0.75 mg/kg i.v. Bleeding is one of the most feared complications of flexible bronchoscopy. Compared to other endoscopic procedures, the risk of morbidity and mortality from the bleeding is increased, as even a small amount of blood can fill the tracheobronchial tree and lead to respiratory failure. Following this mandatory infusion, a reduced-dose infusion (0.2 mg/kg/h) for up to 20 h could be administered at physician discretion 8.8% bivalirudin vs. 13.2% heparin, vs. 17% for heparin plus tirofiban, P < 0.001 IV unfractionated heparin is the most common anticoagulant used in the cath lab. Test the ACT before proceeding with the intervention 2. Download : Download high-res image (121KB) Download : Download full-size image; Fig. (2) 3. Not all of these antibodies cause HIT; HIT occurs in 1 to 5% of patients who receive unfractionated heparin and < 1% that receive low molecular weight heparin. When it complexes with platelet factor 4 (PF4), it induces an antibody response in up to 50% of patients. IV Heparin is Different Than Subcutaneous Heparin. Give boluses of heparin IV aiming for a target ACT of 200-230 seconds. Stop warfarin 5 days pre-op. Give additional heparin as required. 1. Bridge with treatment dose IV unfractionated heparin or SC enoxaparin, or low-dose SC enoxaparin. Test the ACT after heparin boluses to ensure ACT is in the target range. Heparin use increases the incidence of minor bleeding (number needed to harm [NNH] = 17). A PTT can be drawn just before the puncture to make sure the heparin has worn off. So you’re taking care of your patient load and see an order to start a Heparin drip pop up. Re taking care of your patient load and see an order to a. 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