10 Types of Stones Used for Building Constructions 1. This construction technique is used for building foundations, floors, retaining walls, arches, walls and columns. Weathering of rocks renders it unsuitable as building stone. Many different qualities of stonework are used, depending on the structure and the mason. Ashlar Masonry – A more expensive form of natural stone masonry, this type requires finely dressed stones that are level with each other and mostly homogenous. Thickness of mortar is uniform through out. ; Coursed:-In coursed random rubble masonry, the masonry work is carried out in courses such that the stones in a particular course are of equal height.Uncoursed:- In un-coursed random rubble masonry, the courses are not maintained regularly. Basalt stone, which is also known as traps, is commonly used in road construction, as aggregate in concrete production, rubble masonry works for bridge piers, river walls, and dams. The stones as obtained from the quarry are taken to be used in the same form or are broken and shaped into suitable sizes by means of a hammer as the work proceeds.The strength of the rubble masonry mainly depends on: They are used for masonry work, for dams, bridge piers and river walls. OUR CUSTOM STONES Jericho Fieldstone Yosemite Fieldstone Whitney Ledgestone Denali Cobble Whitney Cobble Arcadia Fieldstone Moab Cobble Mt. So, the above were some of the different types of stones. The basalt stone structure is … Through stone in stone masonry: In stone masonry work, some stones in one stone or two pieces are placed right in front of the walls at regular intervals, such stones are called through stones or bonding stones also called as a stone header. Most of the ones in and around Ottawa area are described below. Tabor Cobble Sequoia Cobble Tyre Cobble Olympic Ledgestone Pikes Peak Fieldstone Denali Ledgestone Potomac Fieldstone Mt. Also, read: What Is Concrete | 31 Different Types of Concrete Rubble Masonry. Fully Pitched Scotch Bond – This was the Cadillac of stone foundations in the 19th and early 20th century. Random Rubble Uncoursed: The stones in random rubble uncoursed are all different, but in uncoursed masonry the courses or lines are not maintained uniformly. This can be further subdivided as uncoursed, coursed, random, dry, polygonal and bint. It is an expensive type of stone masonry as it requires heavy … Ashlar fine or coursed ashlar masonry : In this type of stone masonry stone blocks of same height in each course are used. These stones are then laid in cement or lime mortar, in the style of a traditional brick structure. In this type of construction, stones of irregular size are used. Read More: What is Dressing of Stones. Random rubble masonry:- In this type of masonry, the stones used are of widely different sizes.That is the roughest also cheapest mode from stone masonry. In each particular course or line of stone, the stones of a similar height are used. These natural rocks are cut and dressed into proper shape in order to use it in masonry […] Basalt . Joint: It is a junction of two or more stones in wall construction. This type of stones are practically impervious to moisture. Its porosity varies from 5 to 25 per cent. e. Ashlar block-in course. These are metamorphic rocks. 1) Rubble masonry: In this category, the stones used are either undressed or roughly dressed having wider joints. Stone Styles Start with style… finish with color. All stones … If the fine thickness is quite thick, then the overlap is provided through the stones. Stone masonry is a type of building masonry construction that uses stones and mortar. It is desirable to use sand stones with silica cement for heavy structures, if necessary. The stones used in random rubble masonry are mixed randomly with differing faces and sizes. Every stone is fine tooled on all sides. 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