Let us, then, tell the Blessed Virgin that we are content, and that she can do with us anything she wishes” (Maximilian Mary Kolbe, source). He founded a monastery on the outskirts of Nagasaki (the monastery survived the atomic blast, shielded by a mountain). Rajmund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. His father Julius Kolbe was a weaver by profession, while his mother Maria Dąbrowska was a midwife. Kolbe was beatified as Confessor of the Faith in 1971. Before becoming the Martyr of Charity, Maximilian Kolbe was born Rajmund Kolbe in 1894 in Poland. He and his brother, Francis, went to the minor seminary of the Conventual Franciscan friars, and while there, he and other seminarians founded a group dedicated to Mary Immaculate called “Knights of the Immaculate.” She offered him a white crown and a red crown, His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. The deed and courage of Maximillian Kolbe spread around the Auschwitz prisoners, offering a rare glimpse of light and human dignity in the face of extreme cruelty. This vision was significant because he chose both the path of sanctity and also to follow the path of a martyr. He felt a strong motivation to ‘fight for Mary’ against enemies of the church. Kolbe was ordained as a priest and after completing his studies returned to the newly independent Poland in 1919. And I owe to him the fact that I could tell you all this. Fr. — St. Maximilian Kolbe The monastery would come to house 3,000 Polish refugees, the friars sharing everything with their guests—housing, feeding and clothing them. Three years later he was admitted to the Order of St. Aim Higher! He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. One of the SS guards remarked: this priest is really a great man. Saint Maximilian Kolbe was a Polish Conventual Franciscan Friar. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized a Saint and a … Bruno Borgowiec, a Polish prisoner who was charged with serving the prisoner later gave a report of what he saw: “The ten condemned to death went through terrible days. Born in 1894, St. Maximilian Kolbe knew he was going to be a man of God, and he proved this throughout his entire life, up to the end. He gained a doctorate in philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University in 1915. Aged only 13, Kolbe and his elder brother left home to enrol in the Conventual Franciscan seminary in Lwow. He beatified in 1971 and was canonized a saint on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II. Despite the awful conditions of Auschwitz, people report that Kolbe retained a deep faith, equanimity and dignity in the face of appalling treatment. Because the guards wanted the cell emptied, the remaining prisoners and Kolbe were executed with a lethal injection. Although Kolbe did not write this, it is believed this was a factor that led to his arrest. During his time in Rome, he witnessed angry protests by the Freemasons against the Vatican. He is known to the choirs of heaven as Due to a mischief of his childhood, Maximilian prayed to the virgin for forgiveness and answers. Born: January 7 or 8, 1894 Died: August 14, 1941 Canonized: October 10, 1982, by Pope John Paul II Feast Day: August 14 Patron Saint of: political prisoners Maximilian Kolbe was born of a poor family in 1894 in Zdunska Wola which is near Lodz, Poland. Courageous people He was again arrested in February 1941 on charges of aiding Jews and the Polish underground. Includes Joan of Arc, Galileo, Harriet Tubman, Socrates, Malala Yousafzai. Towards the end of his studies, Kolbe suffered his first bout of tuberculosis and he became quite ill, often coughing up blood; the illness disrupted his studies. Franciszek Gajowniczek would miraculously survive Auschwitz, and would later be present at Kolbe’s canonisation in 1971. People Who Made a Difference in Health Care, Facts about the extraordinary life of Joan of Arc. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymond Kolbe in Poland January 8, 1894. He was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar and a martyr in the German death Camp of Auschwitz during World War II. In 1910, he joined the Conventual Franciscan Order. The immensity of it: I, the condemned, am to live and someone else willingly and voluntarily offers his life for me – a stranger. This little boy grew up to be known by the Nazis at Auschwitz as Prisoner 16670. I was stunned and could hardly grasp what was going on. His full name is Maximilian Maria Kolbe. In 1910, he entered the Conventual Franciscan Order. He was canonized on 10 October 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. He is a well-known saint for his heroic sacrifice in Auschwitz, volunteering to die in the place of a stranger in the German death camp, but there is much to learn from his life, starting at a very young age. In 1910, he was given the religious name Maximillian and was admitted as an initiate. St. Maximilian Mary Kolbe. Facts about Maximilian Kolbe will inform you about a Catholic saint. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 5 Facts About St. Maximilian Kolbe, the Man Who Died For a Stranger at Auschwitz James Crowley 8/14/2020. In 1918 he was ordained a priest. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In 1941 the Nazis imprisoned him in the Auschwitz death camp. When one of the selected men Franciszek Gajowniczek heard he was selected, he cried out “My wife! He recounts an early childhood vision of the Virgin Mary. The thing to do now is to pray well in order to win as many souls as possible. He beatified in 1971 and was canonized a saint on October 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II. Maximilian, born Raymond, entered the Conventual Franciscan Novitiate at the young age of 16. St. Maximillian Kolbe St. Maximilian, born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, Jan. 8, 1894. Maximilian Kolbe was born in January 1894 in Zduńska Wola, which was at that time part of Russian Empire. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. On one occasion Krott made Kolbe carry the heaviest planks until he collapsed; he then beat Kolbe savagely, leaving him for dead in the mud. 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941), venerated as Saint Maximilian Kolbe, was a Polish Catholic priest and Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located […] It was Kolbe who sought to reinvigorate and organise the work of the MI (Militia Immaculata). However, increasingly ill, he returned to Poland in 1936. St. Maksymilian Maria Kolbe, also spelled Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, original name Rajmund Kolbe, (born January 8, 1894, Zduńska Wola, near Lodz, Russian Empire [now in Poland]—died August 14, 1941, Auschwitz [now Oświęcim]; feast day August 14), ; canonized October 10, 1982), Franciscan priest and religious founder martyred by the Nazis for aiding Jewish refugees during World War II. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. His father was a weaver and mother was a midwife. Throughout the rest of his life, he experienced poor health, but never complained, seeing his illness as an opportunity to ‘suffer for Mary’. Raymund Kolbe was born on 8 January 1894 In Zdunska Wola, in the Kingdom of Poland (then part of the Russian Empire). If you agree the world needs to hear this. From the underground cell in which they were shut up there continually arose the echo of prayers and canticles. And, so one day, the hour had come for her appearance in this world. Saints are not born, they are made. In 1906 young Kolbe had a vision of the Virgin Mary in which she offered him a white crown and a red crown and asked which he would accept. His beatification by Pope Paul VI quickly followed in 1971, and in 1982 St. Maximilian Kolbe was canonized by Pope John Paul II. In 1919 he also gained a doctorate of theology from the University of St. Bonaventure. What a piece of good luck! St. Maximilian Kolbe was born as Raymund Kolbe on January 8, 1894, in the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. Saint Maximilian Kolbe, O.F.M. His parents were relatively poor, and in 1914 his father was captured by the Russians and hanged for his part in fighting for an independent Poland. 278 Wellington St. East, Aurora L4G 1J5 Phone: 905-727-5652 Attendance: 905-727-4893 Guidance: 905-727-0934 Fax: 905-727-1884. Saint Maximilian Kolbe O.F.M. St. Maximilian Kolbe – Model of Christian Charity Saint Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymond Kolbe in 1894 in Zdunska Wola, Poland. St. Maximilian was born Raymond Kolbe in Poland, January 8, 1894. Its purpose was to bring about the reign of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by encouraging each and every soul to make a total consecration of themselves to the Immaculate Virgin Mary. Updated 2 March 2019. Kolbe was successful in using the latest technology to spread his message. At his canonisation, in 1982 Pope John Paul II said: “Maximilian did not die but gave his life … for his brother.”. In 1912 he went to Rome, where he studied theology and philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University. Rajmund Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894 in the small village of Zduńska-Wola in the Russian part of partitioned Poland. Fittingly, an honored guest at the canonization ceremony was Sgt. St. Maximilian Kolbe. St. Maximilian Kolbe’s final display of transformative love was a direct continuation of his entire life. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1939 for his anti-Nazism but was later released. He died on August 14, 1941 at Auschwitz, a German concentration camp. St Maximilian Kolbe was born Raymund Kolbe in Poland on January 8th, 1894. The men were led away to the underground bunker where they were to be starved to death. Kolbe was not only one of those who suffered, he ministered to them as well. It would be well that you do not write to me until you will have received other news from me, because I do not know how long I will stay here. Born on January 8, 1894, in Zduńska-Wola, Poland, Maximilian lamented the existence of … His father was an ethnic German and his mother of Polish origins. Maximilian Kolbe was beatified in Rome by Pope Paul VI. Corrections? He took his final vows as a monk in 1914. After two weeks, nearly all the prisoners, except Kolbe had died due to dehydration and starvation. At every inspection, when almost all the others were now lying on the floor, Father Kolbe was seen kneeling or standing in the centre as he looked cheerfully in the face of the SS men. During the German occupation of Poland, he remained at Niepokalanów a monastery which published a number of anti-Nazi German publications. Rather surprised, the commander accepted Kolbe in place of Gajowniczek. The Saint of Auschwitz. St. Maximilian Kolbe was very active in promoting the Immaculate Virgin Mary and is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. Thirst drove the prisoners to drink the contents. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Maksymilian-Maria-Kolbe, Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Maximilian Kolbe. History of St. Maximilian Kolbe: Born on January 8, 1894, in the Polish city of Zundska Wola, from a young age he was devoted to the virgin. His father was an ethnic German and his mother Polish. Shortly after this publication, on 17 February 1941, he was arrested by the Gestapo for hiding Jewish people. They pay our fare in the bargain. Share this film. And what use are the victories on the battlefield if we ourselves are defeated in our innermost personal selves?”, “Christian Martydom and Political Violence, Google Books[3]. Kolbe (born January 8, 1894; died August 14, 1941) was born as Rajmund Kolbe and was later also known as Maksymilian or Massimiliano Maria Kolbe and “Apostle of Consecration to Mary." He died on August 14, 1941 at Auschwitz, a German concentration camp. He was the second son of weaver Julius Kolbe and midwife Maria Dąbrowska. St. Maximilian Kolbe was very active in promoting the Immaculate Virgin Mary and is known as the Apostle of Consecration to Mary. His parents, both Franciscan lay tertiaries, worked at home as weavers. As a young boy, he excelled in mathematics and science. SAINT MAXIMILIAN KOLBE was canonized on Oct 10, 1982 by Pope John Paul II, and declared a martyr of charity. Raymond Kolbe was born on January 8, 1894, in Zdunska-Wola, Poland. What we can do and should do is to seek truth and to serve it when we have found it. Stay safe and happy during the holiday season. catholicmomri.weebly.com/journal/21-facts-about-saint-maximilian-kolbe Maximilian Maria. Class Hours: 8:20 a.m. - 2:20 p.m. Aug 5, 2019 - Explore Rosemarie's board "Saint Maximilian Kolbe" on Pinterest. St. Maximilian Kolbe was born in Poland in 1894 and at about the age of 10 had a vision of the Virgin Mary. Prayers to St. Maximilian Kolbe; How to Help; Contacts; Families; The Cell of Love; Calendario mensile; Contenuto della pagina Biography. Much of his spiritual development occurred during these formative years, as well as his years in preparation for the priesthood. She asked me if I was willing to accept either of these crowns. Mary in St. Maximilian’s Childhood “I want to be an instrument in the hands of Mary as she is laboring to bring souls to Christ.” (St. Maximilian Kolbe) Born in 1894, Raymond Kolbe was a part of a pretty normal, very devout Catholic family in Poland. Kolbe and the community at Niepokalanów helped to hide, feed and clothe 3,000 Polish refugees, (of which approximately 1,500 were Jews). The Words of St. Maximilian (“During her Earthly Life.” Taken from an undated manuscript for a book planned on Mary.) He and the remaining brothers used the centre to shelter an estimated 2,000–3,000 Polish refugees, the majority of whom were Jewish, and continued to publish anti-Nazi publications. The Kolbes were a devout and patriotic working-class family. Kolbe and the other nine prisoners were starved for weeks until he and the few others who were still alive were finally injected with carbolic acid and cremated. + Saint Maximilian Kolbe was canonized in 1982. In his infancy Raymond seems to have been normally mischievous but one day, after his mother had scolded him for some mischief or other, her words took effect and brought about a radical change in the child's behaviour. On June 15, he was even able to send a letter to his mother. 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