salinization: Term. The term is popularly applied to the material on the surface of the Earth's moon and Mars, a usage acceptable within a portion of the scientific community. A. Soil landscape analysis. Study of soil is known as Pedology. Many other classification schemes exist, including vernacular systems. Pedology is the study of soils in their natural environment. During its formation and genesis, the soil profile slowly deepens and develops characteristic layers, called 'horizons', while a steady state balance is approached. National and international soil survey efforts have given the profession unique insights into landscape scale functions. However, even geographical maps can be made very differently for specialized purposes. The concept of soil quality, however, has not been without its share of controversy and criticism, including critiques by Nobel Laureate Norman Borlaug and World Food Prize Winner Pedro Sanchez. He or she also studies the distribution, origin, and history of soils, as well as the species that partly comprise them. [1], Soil scientists have raised concerns about how to preserve soil and arable land in a world with a growing population, possible future water crisis, increasing per capita food consumption, and land degradation.[2]. The structure in vernacular systems are either nominal, giving unique names to soils or landscapes, or descriptive, naming soils by their characteristics such as red, hot, fat, or sandy. [12] Depression storage capacity, along with infiltration capacity, is one of the main factors involved in Horton overland flow, whereby water volume surpasses both infiltration and depression storage capacity and begins to flow horizontally across land, possibly leading to flooding and soil erosion. There are a few noteworthy sub-disciplines of pedology; namely pedometrics and soil geomorphology. Soil occupies the pedosphere, one of Earth's spheres that the geosciences use to organize the Earth conceptually. [3] Interest in maintaining the planet's biodiversity and in exploring past cultures has also stimulated renewed interest in achieving a more refined understanding of soil. horizons. It restricts soil erosion. 1997. Jackson, J. Pedology, is the name for the study of soil. Human influence on, or adjustment to, the factors and processes of soil formation can be best controlled and planned using knowledge about soil genesis. Well, study of soil is pedology, and rocks is petrology. It can be practised on the hills. The classification is based mainly on soil morphology as an expression pedogenesis. [1] Pedology is often seen as one of two main branches of soil inquiry, the other being edaphology which is traditionally more agronomically oriented and focuses on how soil properties influence plant communities (natural or cultivated). Soil is not only a support for vegetation, but it is also the pedosphere, the locus of numerous interactions between climate (water, air, temperature), soil life (micro-organisms, plants, animals) and its residues, the mineral material of the original and added rock, and its position in the landscape. These specialized researchers get their hands dirty to learn more about the very important ways that soils help us. Weathering is the breaking and wearing down of rocks by the weather (sun, wind, water). The diversity of names associated with this discipline is related to the various associations concerned. Dependence on and curiosity about soil, exploring the diversity and dynamics of this resource continues to yield fresh discoveries and insights. When the soil freezes, thaws, re-freezes, re-thaws, and repeats this cyclic pattern multiple times over the winter it can lift objects such as posts and rocks out of the soil. 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