Elements and our Sun. Nuclear fusion in stars converts hydrogen into helium in all stars. Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\): (left) The Sun is a main-sequence star, and thus generates its energy by nuclear fusion of hydrogen nuclei into helium. (right) The proton-proton chain dominates in stars the size of the Sun … It merges atomic nuclei to create massive amounts of energy—the … Because an atomic nucleus of helium is 0.7% lighter than the four hydrogen nuclei that it's created from, that act of nuclear fusion releases a tremendously efficient amount of energy. For most of their lives, stars fuse elemental hydrogen into helium in their cores. For example, when hydrogen nuclei collide, they can fuse into heavier helium nuclei and release tremendous amounts of energy in the process. The energy source for all stars is nuclear fusion. Fusion is the process occurring within the plasma core of our Sun in which the nuclei of lighter atoms link to form a heavier atom. Nuclear Fusion. This occurs because … In its core, the Sun fuses 620 million metric tons of hydrogen each second. In a nuclear fusion reaction, the nuclei of two atoms combine to create a new atom. In its core, the Sun fuses 620 million metric tons of hydrogen and makes 616 million metric tons of helium each second. In stars less massive than the Sun, this is the only reaction that takes place. Fusion is the mechanism that powers up the sun and other stars. What we see as light and feel as warmth coming from the Sun is the result of this fusion reaction process. In stars more massive than the Sun (but less massive than about 8 solar masses), further reactions that convert helium to carbon and oxygen take place in succesive stages of stellar evolution. Nuclear fusion doesn't occur naturally on Earth, but low levels of radioactive decay from terrestrial rocks can trigger events in a neutrino detector that are similar to CNO neutrino detections.” The power generator in the Sun is in its center, buried deeply within it. Nuclear fusion is the combining (fusion) of two or more nuclear units to form a heavier nuclear unit. In the core, pressures and temperatures are high enough to force fusion, that is, nuclear reactions whereby some nuclei merge to make others. These reactions account for 85% of the Sun’s energy. Fusion is considered the Holy Grail of energy and is what powers our sun. The fusion of lighter elements in stars releases energy and the mass that always accompanies it. This fusion reaction, where heavier elements are created out of lighter ones, releases energy owing to Einstein's E = mc 2. 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