This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Puritanism, a strict Calvinist form of Protestant Christianity, distinguished itself from mainline Christianity through five principle beliefs. William Gorge says,”they are required to be lovers of their husbands, as well as husbands to love their wives: so as it is a common duty belonging to the husband and wife too: and that this is true wedlock, when man and wife are linked together by the bound of love.” The Puritans believed that each and every family was united by God’s word, and that it is their duty to perform and conduct their family values as per the scripture, the thing is, that they followed it without any leniency. Total Depravity Predestination: Perseverance of the "saints" Question 3 Those, and only It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Puritan Beliefs. John Winthrop was their first governor. After 1560, those who wanted to continue the “purification” of the church were called Puritans. Once again, the early Colonial Clothing of the Puritans reflected these beliefs. Puritan Religious Life The Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement, with them. The Church of England became the English Protestant Church. The basis for the Puritan’s belief was an emphasis on the righteousness and sovereignty of God. Origins of the Puritan Faith The Puritan religious faith originated in England during the early 1600s. In other Calvinist Christian sects, the concept of unconditional election is often called predestination. Puritans believed in seeking the Holy Spirit’s intervention in interpreting Bible teachings with an emphasis on moral and ecclesiastical purity. Subjects: English Language Arts, Social Studies - History, Literature. The other forms of social relation had to be filled by the voluntary action of individuals. When it came to sexual relations in marriage, the Puritans believed it to be the foundation of loyalty, purity and justness in a married relationship. Puritans Lived Under Harsh Rules During the seventeenth century, the combined New England colonies formed a virtual Puritan commonwealth. . The Mesopotamian religion was polytheistic and they believed that gods created demons, and they could be good or evil. Joseph Alleine (1634-1668). Of course, they are strictly against adultery and the punishment for the same is death! The Puritans therefore believed in the holy union of marriage which was nothing but the will of God, and it was their prime duty to obey His will to receive the covenant. Write a Puritan belief in each heading. Explore the world and religious views of these important immigrants to the American colonies. The majority of people in this list were mainstream Puritans, adhering strictly to the doctrine of Predestination. The Puritans in New England maintained the Calvinist distinction between the elect and the damned in their theory of the church, in which membership consisted only of the regenerate minority who publicly confessed their experience of conversion. Some strong religious beliefs common to Puritans had direct impacts on culture. As mentioned earlier, the beliefs and practices of the Puritans are based on the Bible, and John Calvin was the one who established the belief of the original sin, making the Bible the way to redemption and salvation. A person couldn't do anything to determine God's choice, and being a member of the Puritan church was not enough to be elected for salvation. Being chosen internally meant that God changed a person's heart to respond to the Gospel. The number of Puritan faithful continued to diminish, and today, the Puritans are present in America only through stories and history lessons. One of these beliefs was the Calvinist principle of predestination. They are known to be people who have this ‘superior than others’ attitude when it comes to following religious and spiritual beliefs. To many, there seemed no hope b… We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! 2. Wrote the enormously best-selling An Alarm to the Unconverted, a good example of Puritan evangelism. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (11) What did the Puritans believe about God? Man's relationship with God was based on special contracts or covenants. Examples of Puritan Laws: (There are so many more, but these should give you insights into their thinking) 1. PLAY. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Most of Franklin’s major beliefs about God completely contradict Puritan beliefs. (It did not work out). In modern parlance, people who think sex is inherently sinful and dirty are said to have "puritanical" beliefs. The Puritan belief system of witchcraft originates back to ancient times from early Mesopotamian civilization. As an unsurprising result, the church dominates the Puritan culture. Praised for mastery of English language. Isaac Ambrose (1604-1662). If you teach Arthur Miller’s The Crucible in high school or college, you may want to use this list. The best seats went to the minister and family. Basic Puritan beliefs are summarized by the acronym T.U.L.I.P. . The Puritans were already becoming every bit as cruel as the people they’d tried to escape. These beliefs formed the Puritans' path to salvation and created a religion with a strict and rigid morality. The Puritans believed some of the same things as Calvinists and Scottish Presbyterians. 10 The First Quakers In America Were Stripped, Beaten, And Starved. 3. ‘A Covenant, in [general], may then be thus described,’ said Samuel Willard. These cookies do not store any personal information. Living a simple and humble life, the Puritans believed that their religion was the only religion which was correct and that the rest of the religions were related to Satan. The most important parts of Puritanism were piety (obeying religious rules), dressing simply, and living a modest life. He is currently pursuing a Master of Public Administration at Cornell University. Calvinists fell into the former category, as they believed that only God chose to whom to give salvation. Having said that, once the couple was unified in matrimony, the union is supposed to be kept under all circumstances unless it goes against the will of God and results in disobedience! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. An example for the same would be that the Puritans believed that the church is owned only by God and therefore there should be no Bishops or popes in the Church. Of course, their approach and methods could be very prude in some scenarios, but they do have some aspects which are worth appreciating. The Puritans also followed Hammurabi’s Code that states witchcraft is a serious crime, and it required the punishment of death as the penalty for practicing it. However, they held a much stricter view of it in that they believed that Original Sin colored everything -- people's thoughts, feelings and actions. They also believed that man exists to do the will of God and the name of Jesus to be exalted in everything. They also thought that the presence of higher authority and hierarchy resulted in the corruption of the Holy church which was not right. Some strong religious beliefs common to Puritans had direct impacts on culture. The Puritans believed that the God ruled everything including who was worthy of salvation. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. 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