The Jagdpanther is one of the most iconic tank destroyers of World War 2. The ISU-152 built as a heavy assault gun, relied on the weight of the shell fired from its M-1937/43 howitzer to defeat tanks. Some were little more than stopgap solutions, mounting an anti-tank gun on a tracked vehicle to give mobility, while others were more sophisticated designs. By Craig Moore. The concept later led to the M551 Sheridan light tank of the mid-1960s. When a tank destroyer was used against enemy tanks from a defensive position such as by ambush, the common lack of a rotating turret was not particularly critical, while the lower silhouette was highly desirable. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Many forces' infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) carry anti-tank missiles in every infantry platoon, and attack helicopters have also added anti-tank capability to the modern battlefield. Dedicated anti-tank vehicles made their first major appearance in the Second World War as combatants developed effective armored vehicles and tactics. In the summer of 1941, Germany’s invasion of Russia was unfolding favorably for the Wehrmacht. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for German Heavy Tank Destroyer Jagd Tiger Initial Production Type 1/35 Military at the best online prices at eBay! Captured Soviet 76.2 mm anti-tank guns were mounted on modified Panzer II chassis, producing the Marder II self-propelled anti-tank gun. [citation needed]. The tank destroyer on the other hand is specifically designed to take on enemy tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. This historical model assembly kit depicts the German Tank Destroyer Marder I. The only dedicated American-origin, casemate hull design fighting vehicle of any type built during the war, that resembled the German and Soviet tank destroyers in hull and general gun mounting design, was the experimental T28 Super Heavy Tank, which mounted a 105 mm T5E1 long-barrel cannon, which had a maximum firing range of 12 miles (20 km), and was originally designed as a self-propelled assault gun to breach Germany's Siegfried Line defenses. All of them had to be transported by rail because they were 128,000 pounds and few bridges could hold them. All American tank destroyers were officially known by exactly the same collective term used for American self-propelled artillery ordnance, gun motor carriage. As the number of German tanks encountered by American forces steadily decreased throughout the war, most battalions were split up and assigned to infantry units as supporting arms, fighting as assault guns or being used essentially as tanks. U.S. doctrine was based, in light of the fall of France, on the perceived need to defeat German blitzkrieg tactics, and U.S. units expected to face large numbers of German tanks, attacking on relatively narrow fronts. The predecessor of the ISU 152 was the SU-152, built on the KV-1s chassis and shared many similarities (including its gun) with the ISU-152. In October 1942 it was decided to progress using the Valentine chassis with a 17-pdr (which would become Archer) and 25-pdr (which entered service as Bishop)[14]. After the Armistice of 1943, the 75/18 remained in use by German forces. The Cruiser Mk VIII Challenger was a project to bring a 17 pdr tank into use to support the Cromwell cruiser tank. Of these tank destroyers, only the 90 mm gun of the M36 proved effective against the frontal armor of Germans' larger armored vehicles at long range. In this sense they were an alternative to the Independent tank battalions that were attached to various Infantry Divisions. Introduced in mid-1944, the Jagdpanther, of which some 415 examples were produced, was considered the best of the casemate-design Jagdpanzer designs. [15] The first prototypes were made on a modified T-60 hull and were equipped with a 122 mm Soviet howitzer. During the last stages of the war, … Jagdpanzer 38 (t) Based on Pz.I. As manufacturing began in 1943, the 105/25 was used by German forces. Another, considerably less successful, early design mounted a 37-mm anti-tank gun in the bed of a Dodge 3/4-ton truck—the 37-mm GMC M6. (National Archives) France, only three would be equipped with the Hellcat prior to landing in Normandy. Another tank destroyer was the Mareşal, which is credited with being the inspiration for the German Jagdpanzer 38(t). No details if this will be the free Christmas gift tank or if it will be available with Holiday lootboxes. It has been one of the favorite tanks ever since the World of Tanks exists and it's safe to say that it kept its place in the hearts and garages of the gamers from all around the world for obvious reasons. Based on the Panther chassis, the famous tank destroyer was produced from 1943 up until the end of the war in 1945. German tank destroyers have two starkly different lines, starting from the tier III Marder II. Variants Befehlswagen 38 - Command variant. The Marder II tank destroyer was an attempt to solve the problem of the low mobility of towed anti-tank guns but, unfortunately for the Germans, it failed in many other aspects. Flammpanzer 38 - Jagdpanzer 38 modified with a Koebe flamethrower in place of the main gun. In addition, the improved layout of the fighting compartment finally allowed easy access to the ammunition. The low armor thickness coupled with its large silhouette meant that, while it could engage enemy tanks at range, any kind of return fire would likely mean the destruction of this vehicle. Nashorn, pronounced [ˈnaːsˌhɔɐ̯n] ("nahss-horn"), (German for "rhinoceros"), initially known as Hornisse (German "hornet"), was a German Panzerjäger ("tank hunter") of World War II.It was developed as an interim solution in 1942 by equipping a light turretless chassis based on the Panzer III and Panzer IV tanks with the 88mm Pak 43 anti-tank gun. While there was a general move to a general purpose gun that was usable against both tanks and in supporting infantry, there was a need to put the 17 pdr into a tank for use against the enemy's heavy tanks. The Hellcats of the … Except for most American designs, tank destroyers were all turretless and had fixed or casemate superstructures. Before the Semovente da 75/18, the L40, built on an L6/40 frame, saw action in Africa and in Russia, but with disappointing results. [7] This vulnerability was later exploited by opposing tank forces. The design was rejected in favor of developing a 17 pounder armed Cromwell tank variant, ultimately leading to the Comet tank. However, the tank destroyer was strictly capable of providing anti-armour support, as it was nearly useless against infantry or structures. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The closest the British came to developing an armored tank destroyer in the vein of the German Jagdpanzers or Soviet ISU series was the Churchill 3-inch Gun Carrier—a Churchill tank chassis with a boxy superstructure in place of the turret and mounting a 3-inch anti-aircraft gun. In practice, such German attacks rarely happened. However, thanks to its low height (185 cm) and the caliber of its gun the 75/18 also had good results in anti-tank combat, fighting against British and American (but not Soviet) units. German tanks, tank destroyers and assault guns in World War II: Panzer I, Panzer II, Tiger, Panther, Stug III, Jagdpanther, Marder, Jagdtiger, Panzer IV, Panzer 35(t). Tank Destroyers do exactly what they say on the tin – destroy Tanks. [1] Many are based on a tracked tank chassis, while others are wheeled. Based on Pz.III. Axworthy, Mark; Scafes, Cornel; Craciunoiu, Cristian (1995). The Laffly W15 TCC (Chasseur de char) was an attempt to quickly build a light tank destroyer by mounting a 47 mm SA37 anti-tank gun onto a lightly armored Laffly W15T artillery tractor. About the German Tank Destroyer Marder III. U.S. Army and counterpart British designs were very different in conception. This vehicle was born after the Romanian encounters with the Russian T-34 in Ukraine, which radically changed their opinion on armor and especially the possibilities of sloped armour. The German Army had more success with the Jagdpanther. In 1942 the General Staff agreed on investigating self-propelled mountings of the 6-pounder, 17-pounder, 3-inch 20cwt guns and the 25-pounder field gun/howitzer on the Matilda II, Valentine, Crusader and Cruiser Mark VII tank chassis. The decision of German armored vehicle designers to use a casemate-style superstructure for all tank destroyers had the advantage of a reduced silhouette, allowing the crew to more frequently fire from defilade ambush positions. For its place in history, the Jagdpanzer 38(t) remains the best of all the Panzerjagers then available to the German Army. WKiŁ, Warszawa 1990, s. 72. However, lightly armored anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) carriers are commonly used for supplementary long-range anti-tank work. This vehicle is based on a real vehicle and most probably will be released during Holiday Ops 2021, this December. The Jagdpanther combined the 8.8 cm Pak 43 cannon, similar to the main gun of the Tiger II, and the armor and suspension of the Panther chassis. The most common mounting was a German 75 mm anti-tank gun on the Czech Panzer 38(t) chassis to produce the Marder III. With the development of flexible anti-tank missiles, which were capable of installation on almost any vehicle in the 1960s, the concept of the tank destroyer has morphed into light vehicles with missiles. Heavy tank destroyer Ferdinand (named after Ferdinand Porsche, after renamed into Elefant) 624 of the “schweres Panzerjäger-Regiment 656” Porsche’s design was bold, to say the least. For instance, 202 obsolete Panzer I light tanks were modified by removing the turret and were rebuilt as the Panzerjäger I self-propelled 4.7 cm PaK(t). WW2 German engineers came up with the idea of mounting an artillery gun on top of a tank chassis. There were 21 pieces made of which 1 survived and can be found in the National Military Museum, Bucharest. Tanks are armoured fighting vehicles designed for front-line combat, combining operational mobility and tactical offensive and defensive capabilities; tanks perform all primary tasks of the armoured troops. Some were little more than stopgap solutions, mounting an anti-tank gun on a tracked vehicle to give mobility, while others were more sophisticated designs. [3][4] They were used as an anti-tank component of the reconnaissance units. Panzerjäger I. Among the early inspiration sources for the casemate shape and light tank accommodation, the Romanian Mareșal is often cited. The single-purpose tactics of the tank destroyer battalion failed to account for non-tank threats.[12]. A US Army combined arms battalion has two infantry companies with TOW missile-armed Bradley IFVs and can bring a large concentration of accurate and lethal fire to bear on an attacking enemy unit that uses AFVs. This new technology reduced the amount of resources required to deploy one artillery gun. The StuG III assault gun was Germany's most-produced fully tracked armoured fighting vehicle during World War II, and second-most produced German armored combat vehicle of any type after the Sd.Kfz. As the crew abandoned their vehicle, they were easy targets for enemy machinegun fire. However, German authorities began to n One towed artillery gun required a team of six horses and nine men. The 17 pounder was also used to re-equip the US-supplied M10 Tank Destroyer, replacing the American 3-inch gun to produce the 17pdr SP Achilles. Two planned tank destroyers were the TACAM R-1 and the TACAM T-38. The lack of a turret increased the vehicle's internal volume, allowing for increased ammunition stowage and crew comfort. Weighing in at a remarkable 60 tons, it was powered by two Porsche Type 101 engines. Strong reconnaissance elements were provided so that TDs could use pre-arranged firing positions to best advantage. This meant that the driver normally had to turn the entire tank onto its target, a much slower process than simply rotating a powered turret. Dedicated anti-tank vehicles made their first major appearance in the Second World War as combatants developed effective armored vehicles and tactics. 251 half-track. 61–62: Even the U.S. M4 Sherman could disable a Jagdpanther's track or fracture the front drive sprocket with a 75 mm HE shell. The PTZ89 is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore cannon while the PTL02, developed by NORINCO for the PLA's new light (rapid reaction) mechanized infantry divisions, carries a 100 mm one (a version armed with a 105 mm rifled gun is available for export). Since World War II, gun-armed powerful tank destroyers have fallen out of favor as armies have favored multirole main battle tanks. Other French tank destroyers were being developed, including the SOMUA SAu-40, ARL V39 and various ad hoc conversions of the Lorraine 37L. The latest entry into that category is the 2S25 Sprut-SD, armed with a current-issue 125 mm tank gun that is also capable of launching missiles like the 9M119 Svir. Czechoslovak Armored Fighting Vehicles. Durability: 415 HP. The Tank Destroyer Command eventually numbered over 100,000 men and 80 battalions each equipped with 36 self-propelled tank destroyers or towed guns. Throughout the war, only one battalion ever fought in an engagement like that originally envisaged (the 601st, at the Battle of El Guettar). By war's end—through the production of more Fireflies and the replacement of Shermans by British tanks—about 50% of Shermans in British service were Fireflies. 35 in the Romanian army) and adding to it a compartment together with a Soviet 76.2mm ZiS-3 gun. The Panzerselbstfahrlafette Ic., a new German Tier IV tank destroyer is rolling to the Supertest. Similarly, Panzer II tanks were used on the eastern front. The designs were intended to be very mobile and heavily armed. They can be complemented by mobile units of AH-64 Apache helicopters armed with Hellfire antitank missiles. Jagdpanzer (38t) Hetzer is a German Tier IV Tank Destroyer. This vehicle stands out for its mobility with a top speed of 54 km/h and a power-weight ratio of 15.2 h.p./t. [citation needed]. British tanks in the early years of the war, both infantry and cruiser, were (with the exception of the pre-war Matilda I design) equipped with a gun capable of use against contemporary enemy tanks—the 40 mm Ordnance QF 2 pounder. It was developed by the Ateliere Leonida. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Low HP, Good DPM, Penetration 194, Damage 160, Reload time: 3.20, Precise, Fast, Small, Good mobility, High penetration. 15cm sIG 33 B Sfl. [9] In 1943, the Soviets also shifted all production of light tanks like the T-70 to much simpler and better-armed SU-76 self-propelled guns, which used the same drive train. It was employed in infantry support and offensive armored operations as well as in the defensive anti-tank role. The Panzerjäger series continued up to the 88 mm equipped Nashorn. With the weight of main battle tanks growing to the forty to seventy-tonne range, airborne forces were unable to deploy reasonable anti-tank forces. There have also been dedicated anti-tank vehicles built on ordinary armored personnel carrier or armored car chassis. An example of the development of tank destroyer technology throughout the war are the Marder III and Jagdpanzer 38vehicle, that were very different in spite of being based on the same chassis: Marde… Tank destroyers (also known as TDs for short) are specialized armored fighting vehicles designed specifically for destroying heavily armored tanks. Only 88 Jagdtiger vehicles were produced, barely matching the total number of the earlier Ferdinand/Elefant vehicles. It was also relatively lightly armoured and unable to attack air units. One of these tank destroyers was the TACAM T-60 created on the hull of the Soviet T-60 light tank by removing its turret and adding a compartment together with a 76,2 FL-22 L/51 model 1936 gun. However, the lack of a rotating turret limited the gun's traverse to a few degrees. Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945. German tank destroyers based on the Panzer III and later German tanks were unique in that they had more armor than their tank counterparts. Italy and Spain use the Italian-built Centauro, a wheeled tank destroyer with a 105 mm cannon. As with the Germans of 1943, most of the Soviet designs mounted anti-tank guns, with limited traverse in casemate-style turretless hulls, in a general design format looking much like the Germans' own Jagdpanzer vehicles. The first German tank destroyers were the Panzerjäger ("tank hunters"), which mounted an existing anti-tank gun on a convenient chassis for mobility, usually with just a three-sided gun shield for crew protection. The Soviets produced high numbers of the 85 mm SU-85 and 100 mm SU-100 self-propelled guns based on the same chassis as the T-34 medium tank; the heavier-duty powertrain and hull of the IS-2 heavy tank were instead used to produce the heavier-hitting 122 mm-armed ISU-122 and 152 mm-armed ISU-152, both of which had impressive anti-tank capabilities earning each of them the Russian nickname Zveroboy ("beast killer") for their ability to destroy German Tigers, Panthers and Elefants. It has a large anti-tank cannon mounted on a flexible, tracked platform, which is capable of easily destroying enemy tanks, even punching through the heavy armour of Apocalypse tanksand ore miners. As a result, they were of a somewhat extemporized nature. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. A further development was the Semovente da 75/46, which had a longer gun than the 75/18 and inclined armour 100 mm thick, making it similar to Sturmgeschütz III. But there are still dedicated anti-tank vehicles with very heavy long-range missiles, and ones intended for airborne use. Flanking fire by TDs was emphasized, both to penetrate thinner enemy side armor, and to reduce the likelihood of accurate enemy return fire. London: Arms and Armour. A. Jońca, R. Szubański, J. Tarczyński, Wrzesień 1939 Pojazdy Wojska Polskiego, Wyd. An example of the development of tank destroyer technology throughout the war are the Marder III and Jagdpanzer 38 vehicle, that were very different in spite of being based on the same chassis: Marder was straightforwardly an anti-tank gun on tracks whereas the Jagdpanzer 38 traded some firepower (its Pak 39, designed to operate within the confines of a fully armored fighting compartment, fires the same projectiles from a reduced propellant charge compared to Marder's Pak 40) for better armor protection and ease of concealment on the battlefield. The Jagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer" was developed from the PzKpfW 38(t) light tank which was itself derived from the original Czech LT vz 38 light tank design and took part in the latter stages of World War 2. Later, after encountering Soviet tanks, it was refitted with a comparatively short-barreled high-velocity anti-tank gun, usually with a muzzle brake, enabling it to function as a tank destroyer. Mechanically more reliable than the Ferdinand/Elephant and the Köningstiger, armed with the 88 mm (3.5 inch) Pak 43 “Panzerknacker” and with 80 mm of 55 degree sloped armour (this presented 138 mm of thickness of armour to a shell fired horizontally at the front of the Jagdpanther) it was a formidable opponent for an… The absence of a turret meant that tank destroyers could be manufactured significantly cheaper, faster, and more easily than the tanks on which they were based, and they found particular favor when production resources were lacking. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. [ 24 ] WW2 German Tank Destroyers (1939-1945), 10.5cm K gepanzerte Selbstfahrlafette IVa (Dicker Max), Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA) / Tank Destroyer (TD) Tracked Support Vehicle, 12.8 cm Selbstfahrlafette auf VK3001(H) (Sturer Emil), Heavy Tank Destroyer (TD) Tracked Support Vehicle, 5cm PaK auf Pz.Kpfw.II Sonderfahrgestell 901, 7.5cm PaK 40/1 auf Geschutzenwagen FCM(f) (Marder I), Aufklarungspanzerwagen 38 (2cm) (SdKfz 140/1), Armored Fast Reconnaissance Tank / Light Tank Destroyer, Geschutzpanzer 39H(f) 7.5cm PaK 40 Hotchkiss (Marder I), Tank Destroyer (TD) / Self-Propelled Artillery (SPA), Self-Propelled Assault Gun / Tank Destroyer (TD), SdKfz 173 Jagdpanther (Panzerjager V Jagdpanther), SdKfz 184 Panzerjager Tiger (P) (Ferdinand / Elephant), Heavy Tank Destroyer (HTD) Tracked Support Vehicle, Tank Destroyer (TD) / Self-Propelled Assault Gun Tracked Support Vehicle, Tank Destroyer / Assault Artillery Vehicle, Self-Propelled Gun (SPG) / Tank Destroyer (TD). In the 1950s the goal of providing airborne forces with a parachute-capable self-propelled anti-tank weapon led to the deployment of the M56 Scorpion and M50 Ontos. Even the largest and most powerful of German tank destroyers were found abandoned on the field after a battle, having been immobilized by one or more hits by high explosive (HE) or armor-piercing (AP) shells to the track or front drive sprocket.[8]. The first of these Jagdpanzers was the 70-ton Ferdinand (later renamed Elefant), based on the chassis, hulls, and drive systems of ninety-one Porsche VK4501 (P) heavy tanks, mounting a long-barreled 88 mm cannon in an added casemate, more like the earlier Panzerjägers had with their added-on armor shielding for the gun crew, but in the Ferdinand completely enclosing the gun and firing crew in the added casemate, as the later purpose-built Jagdpanzers would. The prototypes and plans were captured by the Soviets after they invaded Romania. Variants of the Polish TKS and TK-3 tankettes up-armed with 20 mm gun (23–26 vehicles) were operationally deployed in the invasion of Poland. They were first deployed to combat units in September 1944. Its design was very similar to that of the World War II Jagdpanzer IV. They are represented by a green or red inverted triangle on the mini-map and over their respective target marker. To achieve this they tend to pack the biggest guns in their respective Tiers, and shred their opposition with either brutal alpha damage or high DPM values, as well as exceptional penetration. The Battle of the Bulge, a massive German counteroffensive in the frozen Ardennes forest, was the swan song of U.S. tank-destroyers. This monster German tank destroyer featured a 128mm gun that could stop any armored vehicle on the battlefield and penetrate almost any bunker. By 1944, a number of the Shermans in British use were being converted to Sherman Fireflies by adding the QF 17 pounder gun. 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